Septic systems are a way to bring industrial water purification to remote houses or communities. Although these systems do not have such a high level of efficacy, they bring many benefits to the owner. On one side, this is a perfect way to make better use of waste materials by allowing them to be fermented in order to produce organic compost.
Also, septic systems protect families and communities from the harm caused by unattended waste, like water parasites, infected bugs, bad smells, rats, cockroaches, etc. The other main objective of septic systems is to create semi-clear water for human usage, albeit not for direct consumption.
Many kinds of septic systems are available to consumers. However, in order to understand which one is best for a particular community, it is important to know the most common ones.
Conventional Gravity Septic System: This is the traditional type of septic system, consisting of a septic tank and a drainfield. Wastewater flows from the house into the septic tank, where solids settle at the bottom and oils and grease float to the top. The clarified wastewater then flows into the drainfield, where it is distributed into the soil for further treatment and absorption.
Septic Tank with Pump (Pressure Distribution System): This is a variation of the conventional gravity system that uses a pump to distribute clarified wastewater evenly in smaller doses to the drainfield. This is useful when the drainfield is located uphill from the septic tank or when the soil has limited absorption capacity.
Aerobic Treatment Unit (ATU) or Aerobic Septic System: This system uses oxygen to promote the breakdown of organic matter in the septic tank and the drainfield, allowing for more efficient treatment. It typically includes a separate aerobic treatment tank and a pump for distributing treated wastewater to the drainfield.
Mound System: This is a raised drainfield constructed above the natural soil surface when the soil has poor drainage or is shallow. It typically involves building an elevated bed of sand or gravel on top of the native soil, which provides additional treatment and absorption areas for the wastewater.
Drip Irrigation System: Also known as a trickle or subsurface irrigation system, this type of septic system distributes treated wastewater through small tubing or pipes with emitters that release the effluent directly into the soil. This allows for a controlled and even distribution of wastewater, which is suitable for sites with limited space or poor soil quality.
These are complex systems that require proper installation and planning in order to work and be as safe as possible. This is why it is crucial to get help and guidance from professionals who understand these systems and know how to make the most of the context of the community at hand. Contact a septic system installation service with any questions you may have.